Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Quapaw

The language of the Quapaw, also called Arkansas, hails from the Siouan branch to the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock.

The Quapaw were essentially of the Plains culture, but they are also known for their other distinctive traits, building temples and burial grounds, and living in Longhouses.

They once lived with the Omaha, the Kansa, the Ponca, and the Osage in the Ohio Valley, but when the groups separated the Quapaw migrated down the Mississippi River.

Jacques Marquette, who arrived at their village in 1673, was the first of many French explorers to visit the Quapaw. They made a large land cession to the United States in 1818, and later moved to a reservation in Oklahoma.

In 1990 there were some 1,400 Quapaw in the United States.

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