Native American Nations and Confederacies

Most Native American cultures were comprised of what are now referred to as "nations" or "confederacies". Larger groups of natives with similar geographic ranges and lifestyles generally came together to form nations, with more specific denominations created in some instances.

For example, the Iroquois were technically classified as a nation or a confederacy in European terms, however they also broke into five unique nations as well. The cultural heritage of Native Americans is truly diverse, with unique belief systems and languages being used by each individual nation.

The following pages provide a brief outline and historical account of many of the Native American nations and confederacies that spanned what is now the United States and Canada.

Abenaki
Alabama-Coushatta
Aleut
Apache
Apalachee
Arapaho
Arikara
Arkansas (Quapaw)
Assiniboin
Bannock
Blackfoot
Caddo
Canarse
Catawba
Cayuse
Cherokee
Cheyenne
Chickasaw
Chinook
Choctaw
Coeur d'Alene
Colville
Comanche
Cree
Creek
Crow
Dakota (Sioux)
Delaware
Erie
Eskimo groups
Fox. See Sac and Fox
Gros Ventre
Haida

Hoopa
Hopi
Huron
Illinois
Iowa
Iroquois Confederacy
Kalispel
Kansa (Kaw)
Kickapoo
Kiowa
Klallam
Kootenai
Kwakiutl
Lumbee
Mahican
Maidu
Makah
Malecite
Mandan
Manhattan
Maricopa
Massachusett
Menominee
Miami
Micmac
Mission Indians
Modoc
Mohave
Mohawk
Mohegan
Montagnais and Naskapi
Muskogee. See Creek
Narragansett

Natchez
Navajo
Neutral Nation
Nez Percé
Nootka
Pima
Sac and Fox
Salish
Sarsi
Sauk
Seminole
Seneca
Shawnee
Shoshone
Shuswap
Spokan
Stockbridge
Tillamook
Tlingit
Tsimshian
Tuscarora
Ute
Wampanoag
Wappinger
Washo
Wichita
Winnebago
Yakima
Yamasee
Yokuts
Yuma
Yurok