Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Iowa

Iowa, also called the Ioway, are Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. They, with The Missouri, The Omaha, The Oto, and The Ponca, are thought to have once formed part of the Winnebago people in their primal home north of the Great Lakes.

Iowa culture was that of the Eastern Woodlands area but with some traits from the Plains area. In 1700 The Iowa, separated from the parent nation and moved to Minnesota. Their population in 1760 was some 1,100 however in 1804, The Iowa lived on the Platte River and due to smallpox they were reduced to some 800. In 1824 they ceded all their lands in Missouri, and in 1836 were assigned a reservation in North Kansas. Some of them later moved to central Oklahoma, till 1890, when they were allotted land. In 1990 there were some 1,500 Iowa in the United States.




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