Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Erie

The Erie, an indigenous people of North America of the Iroquoian branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock, inhabited the region east of Lake Erie in the 17th century, in what is modern day New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.

They then numbered some 14,000 and although they were sedentary farmers of the Eastern Woodlands area, they exhibited some Southern cultural traits, such as the use of poisoned arrows and the building of palisade villages.

They were traditional enemies of the Iroquois Confederacy, and in 1656, after one of the most relentless and destructive Indian wars, the Erie were almost exterminated by the Iroquois. The surviving captives were either adopted or enslaved by the confederacy.

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