Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Crow

The Crow were an indigenous people of North America, whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock, and who called themselves the Absaroka, or bird people. They lived chiefly in the area of the Yellowstone River and were a hunting tribe typical of the Plains cultural area. Their only crop was tobacco, which they used for pleasure and religious purposes.

Until the 18th century the Crow lived with the Hidatsa on the upper Missouri River, however a dispute led them to migrate westward until they reached the Rocky Mountains. The Crow developed a highly complex social system, and were enemies of the Sioux and allied with the settlers against them.

Today most Crow live in Montana, near the Little Bighorn, where tourism, ranching, and mineral leases provide tribal income. In 1990 there were over 9,000 Crow in the United States.

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