Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Comanche

The Comanche, Native North Americans belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock, originated from a Basin-type culture however eventually adopted a Plains culture.

They separated from the Shoshone and migrated southward in the late 1600s, appearing in New Mexico around 1705. In the late 18th and early 19th century their range included South Colorado, South Kansas, West Oklahoma, and Northern Texas.

The Comanche were excellent horsemen and inveterate raiders, often pushing far south into Mexico. They were an extremely warlike tribe and effectively prevented white settlers from passing through their territory for more than a century. They are said to have killed more whites in proportion to their own numbers than any other Native American group. They were associated with the Kiowa, the Cheyenne, and the Arapaho in a loose confederacy.

The Comanche considered themselves superior to their associates, and their language served as the trade language for the area. The sun dance, a common feature in the Plains culture area, was not an important part of Comanche culture as they introduced the peyote ritual to the Plains tribes. Never a large group despite their wide range, their numbers were greatly reduced by warfare and disease. In 1990 there were about 11,500 Comanche in the United States.

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