Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Choctaw

The Choctaw, a native North American tribe whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock, formerly occupied central and Southern Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana.

Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their main enemies in many wars. The Choctaw economy was based on agriculture, and the Choctaw were perhaps the most competent farmers in the Southeast.

Friendly toward the French colonists, the Choctaw were their allies in wars against other tribes.

After being forced to cede their lands in Alabama and Mississippi, they moved to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma, where they became one of the Five Civilized Tribes.

In 1990 there were over 85,000 Choctaw in the United States, with more than half living in Oklahoma.

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