Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Catawba

The Catawba are native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. For centuries they have occupied a vast region in South Carolina around the Catawba River and are noted for their ancient traditional pottery, which they still produce to this day.

Once a large and powerful group, they waged incessant but unsuccessful war against the Cherokee and tribes of the Ohio River valley, which, along with European-introduced smallpox, reduced them to a much smaller group in the 18th century.

In 1962 the Catawbas' relationship with the federal government was terminated, however in 1993, their tribal status was restored and their reservation enlarged.

In 1990 there were close to 1,000 Catawba in the United States, and the last speaker of Catawba died in 1996.

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