Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Caddo

Caddo, native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock, gave their name to the Caddo confederacy, a loose federation of tribes that in prehistoric times occupied lands from the Red River valley in Louisiana to the Brazos River valley in Texas.

Members of the confederacy included the Arikara, the Pawnee, the Wichita, and many others, this being due to the similarity of their cultures.

Generally they were sedentary, living in villages of conical huts, although they did raise horses. The culture of the Caddo proper was marked by a clearly defined system of social stratification and by a religion that closely regulated daily life.

Some Caddo now reside on tribal land in Oklahoma and in 1990 there were 3,000 Caddo in the United States.

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