Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Assiniboin

Assiniboin, native North Americans whose culture is that of the Northern Great Plains; their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. At the time of the first contact with European settlers they had no permanent village sites as they moved about as their search for food required.

The Assiniboin were a branch of the Yanktonai Dakota, who moved north and westward to the region of Lake Winnipeg prior to the 17th century. After the turn of the century they then moved to the upper Saskatchewan and the northern Missouri rivers, where they acquired horses and firearms, and so evolved into a Plains tribe.

They were allied with the Cree against the Blackfoot, expanding their tribe to greater numbers, however due to a plague of smallpox, their numbers were decimated.

There were 5,500 Assiniboin in the United States in 1990, most living on the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck reservations in Montana and around 1,500 Assiniboin live on reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada.

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