Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Arikara

Arikara are a tribe of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan.

Archaeological evidence shows that the Arikara occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River from the 14th century.

A semi-sedentary group, they lived in earth-covered lodges and hunted buffalo during the winters, returning to their villages only for spring planting. The Arikara are known for being responsible for bringing agricultural knowledge the south to the less educated people of the Missouri River.

The Arikara were responsible for bringing agricultural knowledge from the south west to the less educated people of the Missouri River and for their dealings with the hunting tribes and early white traders.

They were closely associated with the Mandan and the Hidatsa, and these three tribes now share the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.

The Arikara were numbered at 1,600 in the U.S in 1990.




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