Native American Tribes Nations and Confederacies: Abenaki

Abenaki, also referred to as Abnaki, are Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. Named Abenaki by the French, they should more accurately be called Wabanaki, a word that references the east and morning and is sometimes interpreted as "living at the sunrise."

Abenaki legend has it that they came from the Southwest to settle in what are now Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. They lived in villages and grew corn, fished and hunted as well as becoming involved in trading fur with the French. Wigwam, the Abenaki name for their cone shaped huts, is now is common use in English.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the Abenaki were involved in bloody conflicts with British colonists. They later moved to Canada under the protection of the French. In 1990 there were some 1,500 Abenaki in the United States, mostly in N Vermont and Maine. Roughly 1,000 live in Quebec, Canada.

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